We have minimized the use of abbreviations on this website in an effort to reduce confusion and misinterpretation. In those instances where abbreviations are used, the guide below will be of assistance.
|née||indicates the maiden name [birth name] of a woman|
|Mrs.||indicates the married name of a woman|
|[?]||indicates the name is unknown|
|c or circa (date)||indicates the date is close, but not exact, usually within 1-4 years, e.g., using census age|
|say (date) or est (date)||this date indicates an estimate based on other events in order to establish a reasonable |
timeline for planning purposes. A semi-educated guess, it could be off as many as 10-15 years.
|US Census||Population Schedule of United States, taken each 10 years|
|ED||Enumeration District number from census sheet|
|dwl or hh||dwelling or household number from census sheet|
|fam||family number from census sheet|
|sh or pg||hand written sheet or page number on census sheet|
|[###]||stamped sheet or page number on census sheet|
|[abc]||added comments by the author are within brackets|