We have minimized the use of abbreviations on this website in an effort to reduce confusion and misinterpretation. In those instances where abbreviations are used, the guide below will be of assistance.


néeindicates the maiden name [birth name] of a woman
Mrs.indicates the married name of a woman
[?]indicates the name is unknown
c or circa (date)indicates the date is close, but not exact, usually within 1-4 years, e.g., using census age
say (date) or est (date)this date indicates an estimate based on other events in order to establish a reasonable
timeline for planning purposes. A semi-educated guess, it could be off as many as 10-15 years.
US CensusPopulation Schedule of United States, taken each 10 years
EDEnumeration District number from census sheet
dwl or hhdwelling or household number from census sheet
famfamily number from census sheet
sh or pghand written sheet or page number on census sheet
[###]stamped sheet or page number on census sheet
[abc]added comments by the author are within brackets